Posts Tagged ‘ Type 2 diabetes information ’

Diabetes Care – Diabetics and Alcohol

Diabetics and AlcoholIf you have diabetes and love your drink, diabetes care can be a real pain. But if you are unfortunate to have diabetes but fortunate to have diabetes type II instead of diabetes type I, then diabetes care can be a bit easier and you will have had a lucky escape because in most cases, people suffering from diabetes type II can still consume minor amounts of alcohol. The emphasis of course, is on the word; “in most cases”. There are instances when diabetes care for type II may not permit any alcohol consumption.

Some of these instances are:

• Diabetes with instances of high blood pressure
• Diabetes induced eye problem
• Elevated levels of triglycerides
• Damaged nerves in the limbs

Alcohol, Diabetes and Nerve Damage
Diabetes care stipulates that if a diabetic person suffers from nerve damage, alcohol consumption will aggravate the problems caused by nerve damage. Alcohol will increase pain, heighten burning sensation caused due to nerve damage, induce numbness and increase tingling sensations. If you are to take diabetes care seriously, you need to avoid alcohol consumption at all costs.

Alcohol, Diabetes and Eye Damage
Alcohol is closely linked with glucose tolerance which in turn, is closely linked with blood pressure. Diabetics care will inform you that as the blood pressure goes up, the pressure within the eye ball increases to the extent that you run the risk of rupturing blood vessels in the eye ball. Should this happen, you will suffer permanent damage to the eyes.

Alcohol, Diabetes and Triglycerides
Alcohol is high on calories but low on nutrients. Alcohol confuses the liver and it produces more triglycerides. In a normal healthy adult this would not be such a big problem but in diabetics it is a big problem due the weak internal organs. For this reason, diabetics care recommends you do not consume alcohol because alcohol interferes with the liver’s ability to metabolize fat. Even moderate consumption of alcohol will cause the liver to produce more triglycerides which can be very toxic to most diabetics.

Alcohol, Diabetes and Hypoglycemia
When a person with diabetes drinks alcohol, the liver instead of doing its usual duty of producing glucose, works overtime to rid the body of the alcohol which it considers as a toxin. Remember that the liver of a diabetic is not as strong as the liver of a healthy individual. Therefore, it takes longer than usual to detoxify the body of alcohol. During this time, there is absolutely no production of glucose. The reason diabetes care recommends that a diabetic does not consume alcohol is because lack of glucose over extended periods of time (several hours) will lead to hypoglycemia or low blood sugar which can lead to coma and even death.

If the family physician who is aware of your diabetic condition does not prohibit you from consuming moderate amounts of alcohol, diabetics care recommends that you consume alcohol along with a healthy snack such as a sandwich. It is also a good idea to check your blood sugar levels approx one hour after you consumed alcohol.

Check out also for Type 2 diabetes information and type 2 diabetes symptoms

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Blood Sugar levelWhen glucose begins to accumulate in our blood stream a series of symptoms of diabetes will be manifested. While these symptoms of diabetes may not conclusively proof diabetes, the presence of any of the symptoms of diabetes should logically lead you to do a blood glucose test.

The instant we hear that someone in our family has diabetes we begin to worry and with sound reasons too after all, diabetes is very hereditary. This blog gives you a clear bird’s eye view of the symptoms of diabetes.

Essentially there are three types of diabetes – (1) Pre-diabetic stage (2) Diabetes Type 2 and Diabetes Type 1

You are Pre-diabetic if your blood sugar is a bit higher than normal and Blood glucose tests reveal that it happens on several occasions. Diabetes Type 2 is the next stage i.e. your blood glucose is habitually higher than normal either due to impaired insulin production or inability of your blood cells to utilize insulin. Diabetes Type 1 is when your body does not produce insulin leading to accumulation of glucose in your blood.

So is blood sugar testing the only means to find out if we are diabetic or not? Fortunately no, so let’s take a look at the symptoms of diabetes beginning with Pre-diabetic and diabetes type 2. I have combined these two because the symptoms of diabetes for both stages are the same. The classification of Pre or Type 2 depends on the severity and state of your Pancreas.

Symptoms of Pre-diabetic and Diabetes Type 2:

Symptom of diabetes 1: Fatigue

Have you been feeling increasingly fatigued lately? Here’s what happens; normally your body metabolizes glucose and converts it to energy which in turn powers up your activity. If you body cannot metabolize glucose then fat is metabolized into energy. This alternate method however is not efficient and the body goes in negative calorie effect, which results in fatigue.

Symptom of diabetes 2: Thirst

As the concentration of blood sugar increases, the brain triggers a thirst signal in an effort to get you to drink water and dilute the excess sugar in the blood. If you were drinking an average three glasses of water a day and now instead you have been drinking 5 or more glasses than you should seriously consider a blood glucose test.

Symptom of diabetes 3: Excess urination

Tied in with symptom 2 of diabetes is increase in the number of times you need to urinate. Excess intake of water results in excess urination. At this stage the urine essentially is secreting the excess sugar. It tends to be dark yellow.

Symptom of diabetes 4: Excessive hunger

In an all out effort to control the sugar level, your Pancreases will increase the production of insulin. Insulin however, apart from breaking down glucose in the blood also triggers sensation of hunger.

Check out also for Type 2 diabetes information and glucose levels chart

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

No, Diabetes Mellitus is not some exotic new form of diabetes. Diabetes Mellitus is the medical term for diabetes. Thanks to our 20th century lifestyle, Diabetes Mellitus or diabetes as it is more commonly called is one of the most common diseases in the United States and it is estimated that over 16.5 million Americans have Diabetes Mellitus.

Diabetes Mellitus is fatal!

If Diabetes Mellitus is almost as common as flue or cold, then do we really need to bother about it? The answer is yes because unlike common cold, Diabetes Mellitus does not ebb and go away after the mandatory 7 days. If Diabetes Mellitus is left untreated it quickly becomes fatal. In fact, Diabetes Mellitus is one of the contributors to premature deaths in the United States.

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder that occurs when insulin produced in our body is either insufficient or cannot be utilized. Insulin of course is a hormone required by our body to convert starches, sugar and other foods into energy that we use for our day to day activity. Even when we sleep or just sit in one place and think we utilize energy. People suffering Diabetes Mellitus therefore have high levels of unutilized or un-metabolized blood sugar (glucose) in the body. Therefore, on the one hand they have very low levels of energy and on the other hand, they have high levels of glucose. Energy starvation caused by Diabetes Mellitus leads to shut down of the body (comma) and ultimately death.

Just as our body temperature needs to be maintained at a constant 98.6° Fahrenheit, our blood glucose level too needs to be maintained within a very narrow range. There is a complex mechanism that does it but the chief controllers are insulin and Glucagon.

There are three main types of Diabetes Mellitus or diabetes:
Type I diabetes, Type II diabetes and Gestational diabetes

Why is Diabetes Mellitus more prevalent in modern times?

The first two forms of Diabetes Mellitus i.e. Diabetes Type I & II are called lifestyle diseases because they are triggered by what we eat, when we eat and our activity levels. To a lesser extent, Type II diabetes can also be triggered by depression, tension or trauma.

Over the past few years our lifestyles have changed dramatically. We now have machines in the kitchen and house, machines that get us to work and machines at the place of work. Diabetes Mellitus is more prevalent in modern times because on the one hand our physical activity level has dramatically reduced while on the other, we’ve been enticed with unhealthy food including but not limited to; deep fries, ice creams, chocolates, pizzas and mouth watering pastries.

Do people with Diabetes Mellitus lose weight?

People with untreated Diabetes Mellitus will lose weight. When the body is unable to obtain energy from glucose, it finds an alternate solution – break down fat and protein and convert it into energy. The drop in the person’s weight can be quite dramatic and extremely unhealthy.

Check out for Type 2 diabetes information and What is high blood sugar

What does gum disease have to do with diabetes?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is one of the leading causes of tooth loss among adults and is also frequently linked to the control of diabetes. The title sounds kind of odd doesn’t it? But the fact remains that if you suffer from diabetes, chances are, your gums too would suffer. Most doctors who treat diabetic patients are either are unaware of the link between diabetes and gums or simply forget to mention it. The result is that problem with the gums are often overlooked or get misdiagnosed and mistreated.

Dental Water Jet

When diabetes is poorly managed, it can lead to periodontal diseases in both children and adults. It has been recorded as affecting children as young as 10. Periodontal disease and diabetes may be classified as those infections which affect the bone holding the teeth in place, and the gums.

Last week one of my clients missed his appointment with me and turned up three days later stating that he had to do a root canal. It struck me as odd because this client was always fastidious about his hygiene so I asked if his dentist had specifically identified any cavity or infection that might have necessitated such a procedure. He said no, but that my client had complained of sensitive teeth and hence the dentist felt a root canal would help. Sounded a bit shaky to me but I thought it best not to argue the issue further especially since the deed was done and nothing I said would either reverse or make my client feel better. Besides, I only had my client’s version of events.

Fact is, diabetes specialists have often noted increased incidences of gum infection amongst diabetics. The high blood sugar levels typically found amongst diabetics makes it difficult for their body to ward off bacteria and infection that causes oral diseases.

There are three ways to keep the threat of oral infection at bay – good oral hygiene, keeping your blood sugar levels under control and, by taking antioxidant supplements. Antioxidant supplements such as vitamin “C”, bioflavonoids and grape seed extract s help combat bacterial infections in the gums.

I would also recommend inclusion of currants, blueberries, blackberries and cranberries, oranges, grapefruit and tangerines in your diet. These provide antioxidant and bioflavonoids naturally. In fact, if you have enough of these in your daily diet, you need not take antioxidant supplements at all – just make sure you take them in their natural form and not as a juice or jam. Remember these fruits lose their antioxidant the moment they are peeled or crushed or processed.

If you notice your teeth have suddenly become sensitive ask yourself if you also have a cold or nasal infection – the two are interconnected. The moment your cold or nasal infection is cured, your teeth will be back to normal. If a procedure has been specified and you have some doubt about it, you can always seek a second opinion – it’s your right. In all cases, maintain your hygiene. It is cheaper to maintain our hygiene than paying for expensive cures.

Check out for Type 2 diabetes information and Blood sugar levels after eating

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