Posts Tagged ‘ Symptom of diabetes ’

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

No, Diabetes Mellitus is not some exotic new form of diabetes. Diabetes Mellitus is the medical term for diabetes. Thanks to our 20th century lifestyle, Diabetes Mellitus or diabetes as it is more commonly called is one of the most common diseases in the United States and it is estimated that over 16.5 million Americans have Diabetes Mellitus.

Diabetes Mellitus is fatal!

If Diabetes Mellitus is almost as common as flue or cold, then do we really need to bother about it? The answer is yes because unlike common cold, Diabetes Mellitus does not ebb and go away after the mandatory 7 days. If Diabetes Mellitus is left untreated it quickly becomes fatal. In fact, Diabetes Mellitus is one of the contributors to premature deaths in the United States.

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder that occurs when insulin produced in our body is either insufficient or cannot be utilized. Insulin of course is a hormone required by our body to convert starches, sugar and other foods into energy that we use for our day to day activity. Even when we sleep or just sit in one place and think we utilize energy. People suffering Diabetes Mellitus therefore have high levels of unutilized or un-metabolized blood sugar (glucose) in the body. Therefore, on the one hand they have very low levels of energy and on the other hand, they have high levels of glucose. Energy starvation caused by Diabetes Mellitus leads to shut down of the body (comma) and ultimately death.

Just as our body temperature needs to be maintained at a constant 98.6° Fahrenheit, our blood glucose level too needs to be maintained within a very narrow range. There is a complex mechanism that does it but the chief controllers are insulin and Glucagon.

There are three main types of Diabetes Mellitus or diabetes:
Type I diabetes, Type II diabetes and Gestational diabetes

Why is Diabetes Mellitus more prevalent in modern times?

The first two forms of Diabetes Mellitus i.e. Diabetes Type I & II are called lifestyle diseases because they are triggered by what we eat, when we eat and our activity levels. To a lesser extent, Type II diabetes can also be triggered by depression, tension or trauma.

Over the past few years our lifestyles have changed dramatically. We now have machines in the kitchen and house, machines that get us to work and machines at the place of work. Diabetes Mellitus is more prevalent in modern times because on the one hand our physical activity level has dramatically reduced while on the other, we’ve been enticed with unhealthy food including but not limited to; deep fries, ice creams, chocolates, pizzas and mouth watering pastries.

Do people with Diabetes Mellitus lose weight?

People with untreated Diabetes Mellitus will lose weight. When the body is unable to obtain energy from glucose, it finds an alternate solution – break down fat and protein and convert it into energy. The drop in the person’s weight can be quite dramatic and extremely unhealthy.

Check out for Type 2 diabetes information and What is high blood sugar

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Discover the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes

When glucose begins to accumulate in our blood stream a series of symptoms of diabetes will be manifested. While these symptoms of diabetes may not conclusively proof diabetes, the presence of any of the symptoms of diabetes should logically lead you to do a blood glucose test.

Early Symptoms of DiabetesThe instant we hear that someone in our family has diabetes we begin to worry and with sound reasons too after all, diabetes is very hereditary. This blog gives you a clear bird’s eye view of the symptoms of diabetes.

Essentially there are three types of diabetes – (1) Pre-diabetic stage (2) Diabetes Type 2 and Diabetes Type 1

You are Pre-diabetic if your blood sugar is a bit higher than normal and Blood glucose tests reveal that it happens on several occasions. Diabetes Type 2 is the next stage i.e. your blood glucose is habitually higher than normal either due to impaired insulin production or inability of your blood cells to utilize insulin. Diabetes Type 1 is when your body does not produce insulin leading to accumulation of glucose in your blood.

So is blood sugar testing the only means to find out if we are diabetic or not? Fortunately no, so let’s take a look at the symptoms of diabetes beginning with Pre-diabetic and diabetes type 2. I have combined these two because the symptoms of diabetes for both stages are the same. The classification of Pre or Type 2 depends on the severity and state of your Pancreas.

Symptoms of Pre-diabetic and Diabetes Type 2:

Symptom of diabetes 1: Fatigue

Have you been feeling increasingly fatigued lately? Here’s what happens; normally your body metabolizes glucose and converts it to energy which in turn powers up your activity. If you body cannot metabolize glucose then fat is metabolized into energy. This alternate method however is not efficient and the body goes in negative calorie effect, which results in fatigue.

Symptom of diabetes 2: Thirst

As the concentration of blood sugar increases, the brain triggers a thirst signal in an effort to get you to drink water and dilute the excess sugar in the blood. If you were drinking an average three glasses of water a day and now instead you have been drinking 5 or more glasses than you should seriously consider a blood glucose test.

Symptom of diabetes 3: Excess urination

Tied in with symptom 2 of diabetes is increase in the number of times you need to urinate. Excess intake of water results in excess urination. At this stage the urine essentially is secreting the excess sugar. It tends to be dark yellow.

Symptom of diabetes 4: Excessive hunger

In an all out effort to control the sugar level, your Pancreases will increase the production of insulin. Insulin however, apart from breaking down glucose in the blood also triggers sensation of hunger.

Check out also for Blood Glucose Test for Diabetes and Control blood glucose levels

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