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Metformin for Type 2 Diabetes

People with Type 2 diabetes have many different drugs on the market that help to control their blood sugar levels. Metformin (Glucophage) is a very popular oral medication for Type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes. Metformin controls high blood sugar levels, which helps to prevent nerve damage, kidney damage, blindness, circulatory problems, and sexual function problems (including incontinence).

diabetes supplementsMetformin reduces the amount of glucose your liver releases between meals. Metformin Because of this action, Metformin does not cause low blood glucose (hypoglycemia). Metformin may slightly reduce cholesterol, and triglycerides. On the plus side, Metformin may cause a little weight loss. Metformin belongs to a family of Type 2 diabetes oral medication called Biguanides.

Normally, Metformin is taken as the only Type 2 oral medication. However, Metformin is also sold as a combination pill. This combination combines the reduced glucose release with the effect of the other drup. The FDA has approved 3 types of combination pills. The other drug in the pill may cause low blood sugar:

1. Glipizide+ Metformin – Stimulates pancreas to release insulin. May cause low blood sugar.
2. Glyburide+ Metformin – Stimulates the pancreas to release insulin. May cause low blood sugar.
3. Rosiglitazone+ Metformin – increases insulin sensitivity in cells. May cause low blood sugar as well as water retention and weight gain?

What to know if you are new to Metformin

If you have just started taking Metformin (or are getting ready to start taking Metformin), then you should be aware of the following facts:

• Metformin is generally taken twice a day. Try to take it at the same time each day – with breakfast and your evening meal.
• Be sure to drink plenty of fluids while on this medication.
• You may increase the dosage as side effects decrease. Initial side effects generally include stomach issues, but they quickly go away.
• If you experience effects of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels), first test your blood, then contact your doctor immediately. If you are taking a combination pill, the other drug may be the cause.
• You should take this medication each day to feel the effects. It generally takes up to two weeks for Metformin to begin working.

What to keep in mind when taking Metformin as part of a combination pill:

1. When taking Metformin in combination with other drugs that increase the release of insulin or increase the cells’ sensitivity to insulin, it is important to always have a source of glucose available. Many individuals on combination pills need to carry diabetes supplements with them so that they can quickly increase their blood sugar levels.
2. Metformin users should also be sure to get regular exercise and eat a balanced diet, which includes regular meals, so that they can maintain a more even blood sugar level throughout the day.

Metformin Side Effects

There are a few side effects of Metformin that you should be aware of, including:

Lactic acidosis: Rarely occurs in diabetics with poor liver or kidney function. Symptoms of lactic acidosis include: fatigue, chills, cold skin, muscle pain, difficulty breathing, and irregular heartbeat. Lactic acidosis can be fatal in some cases.
• Nausea, upset stomach, diarrhea, metallic taste in the mouth (these symptoms generally only occur in the first few weeks of taking Metformin)
• Fast heartbeat
• Cold hands and feet
• Change in appetite, often decreased appetite
• Blurred vision
• Dizziness

Contact your doctor immediately if you have any negative side effects associated with Metformin use.

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Diabetes and Lifestyle Change

When it comes to staying healthy, doctors of people with diabetes will repeatedly tell them that health is a numbers game; there are certain numbers that all healthy people should remember. Newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetics must change parts of their diabetes lifestyle to control their blood sugar and get better.  Here are some tips to help you keep an eye on your overall health – while sticking with the numbers.

[1] 5 Fruits and Veggies

Everyone should remember to eat a total of five fruits and veggies each day. You can mix and match your fruits as much as Vegetable Tray you like as long as you reach five by the end of the day.  Having a hard time making sure you get your five in? Here are some ways you can sneak in an extra serving or two:

  • Add a small handful or raisins or banana to your cereal in the morning.
  • Drink a smoothie instead of a soda (for as many as four fruits and veggies).
  • Slice a tomato on top of your turkey sandwich.
  • Stir mushrooms and onions into your breakfast omelet.
  • Reach for an apple rather than a granola bar for your afternoon diabetics snacks.
  • Have a glass of 100% fruit juice before work or after a workout.
  • Keep dried fruit and sugar free cookies in your desk or car to satisfy that mid-day sweet tooth.

[2] Hours of Sleep

Studies prove time and again that every needs about eight hours of sleep each night. However, most people do not allow themselves the luxury of the full recommended dosage of R & R. By going to bed at a reasonable hour (when you are tired) and sleeping a full eight hours, your body will feel rested, restored, and will ultimately function at a higher level than if it were deprived of sleep.

If you are having difficulty sleeping, take a look at your overall stress level, diet, exercise routine, use incontinence products, and sleeping habits. Small changes can lead to big results. Speak to your doctor if you have trouble sleeping for a prolonged amount of time.

[3] 30 Minutes of Exercise with diabetic shoes

Peripheral Neuropathy is one of the common side effects of diabetes, which can cause insensitivity, or a loss of sensation in the extremities to feel pain, heat, and cold in a diabetic person. It is very important for a diabetic person to take care of foot related injuries and wear specially designed shoes for diabetics, diabetic socks for men, and diabetic socks women.

Whether you are Diabetic or not, it is important to get at least 30 minutes of exercise each day. These 30 minutes does Seniors Walking not have to occur at the same time? Often, busy people may only be able to sneak in 15 minutes walks with specially designed diabetics shoes here or there. However, it is important that you set aside enough time each day to get your heart rate up, your blood pumping, and your muscles moving.

Having a hard time sneaking in 30 minutes? Here are some quick tips that everyone can do:

  • Take two 15 minute walks (15 minutes is roughly one mile).
  • Clean the house vigorously (try to work up a sweat).
  • Do floor exercises by wearing men’s and women’s diabetic dress shoes for 10 minutes three times a day (sit-ups, push-ups, calf raises, stair climbing).
  • Walk during lunch or walk to lunch.
  • Take a bike to visit a friend or run to the store rather than a car.
  • Make exercise a family event by taking the kids to the park, a walking trail, gym, or track.

[4] 8 Glasses of Water

In order for your body to function properly, your organs need to be well-hydrated. Research shows that in order to maintain hydration, people should drink anywhere from three to eight glasses of water each day. Water can be flavored water, including some juices, as well. Also, may fruits and veggies contain large amounts of water that can help the body stay hydrated.

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