Posts Tagged ‘ Diabetic Glucose Meter ’

Reading Nutrition labels: Tips for people with diabetes

Mastering Nutrition Labels

Nutrition labels are one tool a person with Diabetes, or some-one trying to prevent the onset of Type 2 Diabetes, can use to make healthy food choices. To bring more balance to the diabetic meals prepared at home or how you purchase your delivered prepared meals and snacks, you can gain a lot of help from the food nutrition labels on most packaging.

Read the nutrition labels as you shop and pay attention to food serving size and servings per container. Compare the total calories in similar products and choose the lowest calorie items. Let us try to break it down and make using the food nutrition label more easily understood and a constant part of our shopping experience.

Nutrition Facts:
Nutrition FactsThe serving size is the amount of food in one serving or one portion. It is important to note that all of the information on the food label is for one serving. The portion a person eats may not be the same as the serving size listed on the label. If it is not, you will need to adjust the numbers accordingly (up or down) to make them more relevant.

Here are some tips to help you visualize government-recommended serving / portion sizes:

• 3 oz meat or poultry = a deck of cards
• 3 oz fish = a checkbook
• 1 oz cheese = 4 stacked dice or 2 slices
• 1/2 cup pasta or vegetables = ½ baseball
• ¼ cup of dried fruit = a golf ball
• 1 teaspoon butter or margarine = the tip of your thumb
• 2 tablespoons of mayonnaise, oil or dip = a ping-pong ball

The number of servings is listed next to the Servings per Container on the food label. Most food packages contain more than one serving.

Calories are a measure of how much energy a food provides a person. The food label shows the number of total calories and how many calories come from fat for one serving.

Here are some nutrition guidelines to pay attention to:

Total Fat – one fat serving is about 5 grams (g). Most people need about 50-65 grams (g) of fat a day. One teaspoon of butter or oil has about 5 grams (g) of fat. Limit saturated fat to less than 7% of your total daily calories. Eliminate/minimize foods with Trans fat from your diet, studies have shown that Trans fat can raise LDL (lousy or bad cholesterol) which is associated with heart disease.Some examples of foods with Trans fat include vegetable shortenings (lard), stick margarine, commercially baked foods, such as pastries, donuts, cookies and deep fried foods and snacks.Servings per Container

Cholesterol – A low-cholesterol food has 20 milligrams (mg) or less of cholesterol per serving. Try to eat less than 300 mg of cholesterol each day. Less than 200 mg is recommended for people with diabetes or high cholesterol. A “quarter pound” hamburger has about 70 mg of cholesterol.

Fiber – Choose foods that have 3 or more grams (g) of fiber per serving. Most people need about 25 – 35 g of fiber each day.

Sodium – Choose foods that have less than 400 milligrams (mg) of sodium per serving. Most people need 2,400 mg or less of sodium each day. One teaspoon of salt has 2300 mg of sodium.

Total Diabetes Carbohydrates – includes dietary fiber, sugar and sugar alcohols. A carbohydrate serving is about 15 grams (g). Most people need about 300 g of carbohydrate each day. Get your carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and low-fat milk. A slice of store bought bread (1 ounce) has about 15 grams (g) of carbohydrate.

Protein – Most people need about 50 – 80 grams (g) of protein each day. Try to eat 2 or more servings of fish each week (not fried). One ounce of meat has about 7 grams (g) of protein.Nutrients are things we get from food

Ingredients are the things that make up the food. Ingredients are listed on food labels in the order of their amount in the food from the greatest to the least. For example, if water is the first ingredient listed, there is more water in that food than anything else. The next ingredient is listed is the thing that is in the food the next greatest amount. The last ingredient listed is the thing that is in the food the least.

Reading health claims on the label such as “fat free” or “reduced fat” can also add to the confusion of interpreting labels. Know that all claims must meet the nutrient criteria set by the government. These claims can be used in addition to the information above to make your final decisions.

Truth is, if you follow the above guidelines, you do not need these claims to help you. These are primarily marketing words to give you a quick sound bite about the product; it provides “short hand speak”. We recommend always going through the label facts and then you will not need to rely on the sound bites for your healthy eating choices like healthy snacks for diabetics and diabetic diet and meal plans. Become an expert at reading the labels and making your own decisions.

Fruits in a MarketDiabetes diet plan

Fresh fruit and vegetables are the most obvious categories where the label mostly does not exist. Sometimes if the product is pre-packaged you might find a label.

The good news is that it is hard to go wrong with fresh fruits and vegetables. The biggest loss is in understanding what a recommended food for diabetes is. I sometimes eat too much fruit and for a diabetic it is important to keep track of the sugar contribution of these fresh foods. However, for every other food that is purchased to eat from the supermarket, stop, stare at the food label and start at the top.

What is the serving size?

How many servings in this package (and so on)?

Compare it to other brands and use the above guidelines and make your decision. After some practice, this will become second nature and you will do it automatically (embarrassingly, even at other people’s houses!). So use the food label to:

• learn how much of a food is a serving (portion)
• learn what is in the food
• choose food and drinks that best fit your diabetes meal plans

A registered dietitian can also help you learn how to use diabetes diet plan labels as well as a certified diabetes educator. Just remember, nutrition food labels are your friend.

Typefreediabetes offers a full line of diabetes products, including; supplements for diabetes, durable diabetes medical equipment, and automatic blood pressure monitor and facts about diabetes. Typefreediabetes offers quality products at discounted prices on a wide selection of quality name brand equipment and supplies.

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Vegetarian Diet and Nutrition – Great for Diabetes

Men's diabetic socksMen's diabetic socks Nutrition is all about what a person with diabetes eats. Nutrition and diet mean the same thing. A person with diabetes has 3 ways to control their blood sugar levels: Nutrition, physical activity and medication. The combination of good nutrition and physical activity prevent pre-diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.

There are several types of Vegetarian diets, including strict Vegan diets (no animal products may be consumed) and lacto-ovo diets, in which vegetarians may consume cheese, eggs, and other dairy products. It is essential that vegetarians carefully balance their nutrition through diabetic diet meal plans so that they are able to obtain the proper amount of protein to stay healthy

Vegetarianism and Veganism

According to the Mayo Clinic, Diabetics may benefit greatly from adopting a vegetarian or vegan diet. While vegetarian and vegan diets differ greatly in terms of what sorts of foods can be eaten, the major characteristic of both is that vegetarians and vegans do not eat meat. A vegetarian is generally a person that does not consume meat, but may consume animal products, such as:

• Milk and eggs (lacto-ovo vegetarian).
• fish (pesco vegetarian)

A vegan, however, does not consume any animal products at all: any meat, eggs, cheese or milk. Also vegans do not use products made from or with animal products like wool, leather, cosmetics, etc.

Vegan diets tend to be healthy, when they are closely monitored and balanced with foods from every food group but meat and dairy. In fact, a vegan diet or low fat dessert recipes is cholesterol-free and low in saturated fats. Both vegan and vegetarian diets are low in calories and include large amounts of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes. As such, the vegan and vegetarian diet tends to include healthy food for diabetes that is low in fat and sugar.

Naturally, when a person consumes very little sugar and has a predominantly natural diet, he or she can usually lose weight and maintain that weight loss. Because Diabetes is a disease that is made better by limited sugar in take and by staying at a healthy weight, the vegan and vegetarian diabetic diet tend to be very suitable. Always prefer to check sugar level by using blood sugar monitors, while going to sleep.

Additionally, while the vegan and vegetarian diets cannot cure diabetes, they can reduce the risk of common complications, such as heart and kidney disease. Heart disease is generally called by high blood pressure and cholesterol, which are both practically eliminated through a vegetarian diet. Kidney disease, which can be made worse by consuming protein, can be delayed by eliminating meat proteins and adopting the healthier vegan and vegetarian nutritional standards.

Before beginning a vegan or diabetic diet plan, be sure to consult with your doctor or dietician. Vegan and vegetarian diets remove the most common sources of important proteins and vitamins. Therefore, it is important to understand what diabetes supplements you will need to take in order to make up for those losses.

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Men's diabetic socksMen's diabetic socks

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Most diabetics do not know what causes high blood pressure. Diabetes is very closely linked to high blood pressure – a condition also known as hypertension. It is estimated that about 75% of adults that have diabetes also have high blood pressure and that a person with diabetes is about twice as likely to get high blood pressure as someone without diabetes. Discover what causes high blood pressure. Start today to change those risk factors you can control. Always prefer to use automatic digital blood pressure monitor for monitoring blood pressure level.

Diabetes diet recipesHigh blood pressure occurs when arteries become filled with sticky deposits like cholesterol. Cholesterol builds up in the arteries decreasing the passageway through which blood can flow. As the passage gets smaller, the heart has to pump harder to push blood through the smaller openings of the arteries, which increases blood pressure.

It may help to think of high blood pressure by thinking of your arteries as a garden hose. If the garden hose becomes filled with sticky dirt, it is more difficult for water to flow through the hose. The pressure ahead of the blockage within the hose increase, in this situation one should always prefer to eat low fat low carb recipes for controlling cholesterol. However, the pressure past the blockage is a lot lower and so is the blow of water. So, in a human system the heart feels the pressure resistance, but the blood takes a long time to get to the feet .

As such, high blood pressure often leads to poor blood circulation, slow healing, and swelling. Additionally, when a person has high blood pressure, he or she is four times as likely to develop heart disease and has an increased chance of having a stroke. A stroke happens when a part of the brain does not get enough blood to feed and keep those cells alive. For avoiding this type of situations he or she should always check blood pressure level through body fat analyzer.
Wrist Blood Pressure Monitor

Reading the Numbers

The most common way to get a blood pressure reading is through the use of a wrist blood pressure monitor or a canvas band that fits around an arm or a leg. This blood pressure monitor measures systolic (si-stol-ik) and diastolic (dahy-uh-stol-ik) pressure by pumping air into the cuff until the cuff is snug around the arm or leg.

Systolic pressure is the pressure inside of the artery that builds every time the heart contracts to push blood through the arteries. The diastolic pressure is measured when the heart is resting (after each beat) and filling with blood. When your blood pressure is read, the systolic number is always on the top (the larger number) and the diastolic number is always on the bottom (the smaller number).

How Do I Know if I Have Hypertension?

Hypertension is characterized by headaches, dizziness and blurred vision. Because these symptoms are also associated with other conditions, they can be hard to identify as symptoms of high blood pressure. Therefore, it is important to get a regular blood pressure check from automatic blood pressure monitor as well as your doctor.

diabetic diet and meal plansDamage from High Blood Pressure (hypertension)

  • Kidney Damage – The very small arteries in the kidneys are damaged reducing the removal of waste and toxins from the blood. The waste begins to poison the blood, and the rest of the body. Finally, this leads to kidney failure and dialysis or kidney transplantation or death.
  • Heart Disease – Poor blood flow leads to overworking of the heart.
  • Loss of Vision – Blurred vision begins, get worse, and leads to blindness. Damage to small blood vessels and pressure inside the eyes.
  • Blood Vessel Damage – High blood sugar cause scaring in the lining of blood vessels, this leads to stiffening (arteriosclerosis) and blockage (atherosclerosis) of arteries. These damages bring about more damage such as:
  • Seizure in Pregnant Women
  • Aortic Aneurysm – A weakening in the wall of the aortic artery that lead to a bulge and if untreated a burst and death.

The Type 1 diabetic must use enough insulin to take the right amount of sugar from the bloodstream to convert to energy, and cell building material. They must also be very focused on their nutrition, diabetic diet meal plans and levels of exercise.

Tips to Help Avoid Hypertensionautomatic digital blood pressure monitor

Hypertension is a common condition amongst Diabetics. However, there are some lifestyle changes such as get diabetic diet and meal plans and healthy diabetic breakfast that you can make in order to reduce your chances of getting high blood pressure:

  • minimize salt consumption
  • find methods of reducing stress
  • stretch
  • exercise regularly
  • lose weight
  • avoid consuming large amounts of alcohol
  • don’t smoke
  • get regular blood pressure check-ups by using digital blood pressure monitor

If you think that you have hypertension, consult your physician immediately. Addressing hypertension early is the best way to avoid the health risks that are often associated with the condition.

Typefreediabetes offers a full line of diabetes supplies, including diabetes insulin pump; socks for diabetics, portion control plates, glucose tablets, blood glucose monitors, durable diabetes medical equipment, omron body fat analyzer, automatic blood pressure monitor and many other home health care products and supplies. Typefreediabetes offers quality products at discounted prices on a wide selection of quality name brand equipment and supplies.

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Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is a commonly perceived problem

Low blood sugar (also known as Hypoglycemia) is a condition found in Diabetics that is characterized by low blood glucose. When your blood sugar level drops well below normal, your muscles and brain are starving for the energy they get from glucose to function properly. Low blood sugar is most often a side effect of insulin and other Type 2 Diabetes medications. Blood glucose test strips (diabetes test strips) are one of the components of a diabetes monitoring system. Diabetes test strips are an essential part of monitoring blood glucose.

The Biology of Low Blood Sugar

blood glucose test stripsAlmost all of the foods you eat have sugar of some form in it. Glucose (interactive) including fructose and galactose are special sugars that provide energy and cell building material for your body. Glucose is most often found in carbohydrate-rich food, such as rice, potatoes, bread, cereal, sweets and fruit. After you eat these carbohydrates, The carbs are digested down to glucose. The glucose is absorbed into your bloodstream and converted into usable energy units that are absorbed by your cells.

Insulin helps to convert glucose into the usable energy units that your cells use for energy. Insulin also helps to store excess glucose in your liver and muscles for later use. When those energy units are stored instead of used, the glucose becomes glycogen. Glycogen becomes fat if it is never used by your muscles and organs.

In order for your muscles and liver to release the glycogen from storage, your glucose level needs to fall below normal. At this point of low glucose, your pancreas releases a hormone called glucagon. Glucagon tells the liver to release glycogen to generate glucose. Always prefer to use glucagon emergency kit.

However, many Diabetics do not have a normal response to low blood sugar due either to their natural chemistry or to their medications. When the body does not release the glucagon in response to low blood sugar, it takes longer for the glucose levels to rise to a normal level again. Usually, Diabetics must eat sugar free candy or sweets in it in order to quickly restore the glucose levels in their blood to normal levels.

Low blood sugar is usually caused naturally when your blood sugar level drops below normal due to your Diabetes medications or eating habits. However, Low blood sugar can also be caused by the following conditions:

  • Skipping meals or diabetic meal plans
  • Eating too littleDiabetes test strips
  • Taking too much insulin or other Type 2 Diabetes medications
  • Increased exercise
  • Alcohol consumption

What is the Ideal Blood Glucose Level?

Normal blood glucose levels (measured in mg/dL)
Morning (before breakfast):70-110
After meals: 70-140

Target blood glucose levels for Diabetics

Morning (before diabetic breakfast): 90-130
1-2 hours after a meal: Less than 180
Low blood sugar: 70 or below

Symptoms of Low blood sugar

Low blood sugar has many symptoms, including:wrist blood pressure monitor

  • Feelings of hunger, even after a large meal
  • Shaking
  • Nervousness
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness or feelings of faint
  • Tiredness
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Feelings of weakness
  • Anxiety

You may also have low blood sugar during sleep, in which case you might:

  • Cry out or talk in your sleep
  • Have nightmares
  • Sweat
  • Wake up feeling tired, confused, or irritable

How Can I Treat Low blood sugar?

First test your blood with a Diabetes Testing Kit such as blood glucose test strips to prove you have low blood sugar. Some low blood sugar symptoms are similar to high blood sugar symptoms.

In most cases, you can quickly treat low blood sugar by drinking or eating something with a high level of sugar, such as orange juice or sugar free candies. If your low blood sugar goes untreated, you may faint, have seizure or even lose consciousness.

Talk to your Diabetes medical team for more information about treating your low blood sugar, as your doctor or Diabetes dietician may suggest a particular diabetic diet meal plans or exercise regimen that will help to ease the side effects of your low blood sugar.

If your blood glucose level falls below 70 mg/dL, you can raise the level quickly by taking one of the following fast-acting remedies:

  • 2 or 3 blood glucose tablets
  • ½ cup of fruit juice
  • ½ cup of soda
  • 1 cup of milk
  • 5 or 6 pieces of hard candy
  • 1 or 2 teaspoons of sugar

wrist blood pressure monitorIf you suffer from Diabetic low blood sugar, be sure to tell your family and friends about your condition. In some cases, your low blood sugar may cause you to lose consciousness, in which case, you will need to be injected with glucose by insulin syringes. Type 1 Diabetics are especially prone to this kind of insulin side effect. Thus, many Diabetics carry glucose tablets and diabetes supplements with them for quick fixes.

Typefreediabetes offers a full line of diabetes medical supplies, including incontinence diapers; portion control diet plate, incontinence products, wrist blood pressure monitor, glucose tablets, blood glucose monitors, durable diabetes medical equipment, nutritional supplements, Lancing devices and many other home health care products and supplies.  Typefreediabetes offers quality products at discounted prices on a wide selection of quality name brand equipment and supplies.

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