Posts Tagged ‘ Blood glucose test meter ’

How to Choose and Use Your Blood Glucose Meter

Blood Glucose Test StripsBlood glucose monitoring system is a way of testing the concentration of glucose in the blood (glycemia). Particularly important in the care of diabetes mellitus, a blood glucose test is performed by piercing the skin (typically, on the finger) to draw blood, then applying the blood to a chemically active disposable Glucose Test Strips. Different manufacturers use different technology, but most systems measure an electrical characteristic, and use this to determine the glucose level in the blood.

Contrary to expectations, not all of are comfortable around digital or electronic devices. Having barely mastered the art of receiving and making calls on the cell phone, the last thing we want to do is learn to use yet another digital gizmo – this one a blood glucose meters. Fortunately, the modern day Blood Glucose Monitor is extremely easy to use. Today I shall explain how to use your new Blood Glucose Monitor.

Using Blood Glucose Monitors

1. Ensure you hands are clean.
2. Open the package containing your new Blood Glucose Monitor.
3. Remove from the package and keep ready the lancing device, the box containing the glucose monitoring strips and the blood sugar monitor.
4. Insert a fresh unused lance in the lancing device, set it to 3 (by rotating the base of the lancing device) and prime it (usually achieved by pressing the top once).
5. Extract the code chip (a small white rectangular plastic) from the box containing the blood glucose strips and insert the chip into the receptacle (usually located on the side of the Blood Glucose Monitor). This needs to be done each time you open a fresh box of blood glucose strips (not each time you take a blood glucose test).
6. After inserting the code chip into the blood glucose test meter, switch on the Blood Glucose Monitor and wait until a code number appears – this ensures that the Blood Glucose Monitor and the diabetes test strips are synchronized.
7. Extract a fresh glucose strip from the box and keep ready.
8. Hold the lancing device vertically on the tip of any finger and release the trigger (usually a small round button on the side of the diabetic lancing devices. A very tinny almost invisible hole will be created in your skin.
9. You may need to press the around the hole so that a small drop of blood becomes visible on the surface of your skin.
10. Switch on the Blood Glucose Monitor and wait for the blood icon to flash (takes about 10 seconds).
11. Take the glucose strip and swipe (the end with the round hole) across the drop of blood. You would want to ensure the blood is evenly spread across the hole of the glucose strip.
12. Insert the glucose strip into the receptacle of the Blood Glucose Monitor and wait for the results (takes a few seconds).
13. Note down the time, the contents of your meal and the blood glucose result in a diary or notebook specially set aside for this purpose.
14. Push out the cover from the lower end of the lancing device – this exposes the lance.
15. Carefully remove the used lance from the lancing device and also the used glucose strip from the Blood Glucose Monitor and bag it separately before discarding.
16. Switch off the Blood Glucose Monitor and put the kit away in a safe place so your children do not have access to it.

Difficulty in extracting blood

Omron body fat analyzerThe depth to which the needle of the lancing device enters the skin can be controlled. For children, the lancing device can be set to a depth of 1 or 2. This results in shallow penetration but should be okay for kids. For adults, the lancing device needs to be set to a minimum depth of 3. If this does not produce the desired result, try 3.5 or 4 or more.

Once you use the lancing device is used, the drop of blood (usually) does not automatically appear on the skin; it needs to be coaxed out by pressing the area surrounding the prick. Usually, a light squeeze does the trick.

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Glucagon Emergency Kit!

All Diabetics that use insulin, especially children with Type 1 Diabetes, should have access to an emergency glucose kit, also known as a Glucagon Emergency Kit. When a Diabetic misses a dose of insulin, takes too much insulin, or, for any reason, has a very low blood sugar level, the person can lose consciousness and go into shock.  For diabetics, one of the most needed things (except for insulin) is having a glucagon shot and someone capable of using it when necessary.

Important: Diabetics should always tell people around them, such as family members and co-workers, of their condition. Those family members and coworkers should always know where the Glucagon Emergency Kit is just in case the Diabetic loses consciousness and cannot inject him or herself.

How it Works

A glucagon kit is similar in appearance and use to an insulin kit, in that there is a needle and a vial of medication. However, instead of injecting insulin, a person experiencing low blood sugar should be injected with glucagons. Often, the person will be unconscious, so someone will have to inject him or her with the glucagon before he or she goes into coma.

Glucagon is a hormone that raises the level of glucose in the blood. The alpha cells of the pancreas, in areas called the islets of Langerhans, make glucagon when the body needs to put more sugar into the blood.

Glucagon, like insulin, must be injected. Within the glucagon kit are a syringe pre-filled with a liquid and a vial of powdered glucagon. You prepare the glucagon for injection immediately before use by following the instructions that are included with the glucagon kit. In general, small children (under 20 kg, or 44 pounds) are given 1/2 cc (half the syringe), while older children and adults are given 1cc (the entire syringe). In kids, some authorities advise using 1/2 cc to start with, and then giving the other 1/2 about 20 minutes later if needed. This method can lessen the rebound hyperglycemia that usually ensues after use of glucagon. There is no danger of overdose, however. Injection is given in a large muscle, such as the buttocks, thigh or arm. (The needle on the syringe is usually larger than those on insulin syringes.)

There is injection preparation instructions imprinted onto the cases of emergency glucagon kits and blood glucose test kit so that the process is simple even for someone injecting a patient for the first time. It is best to inject a patient in a large muscle, such as the thigh or buttocks, because of the size of the needle. Keep in mind is that children should only be given about half of the syringe (1/2 cc) while adults should take the whole syringe (1cc).

Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetics

Type 2 Diabetics and pre-diabetics may also face low blood sugar levels that cause them to require emergency treatment. In most cases, a simple glass of juice or piece of candy can help to restore the blood sugar to safe levels. Therefore, it is always a good idea to keep sugarfree candy or a juice box on hand, even when you are not insulin-dependent.

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Diabetes control solutions through Diabetes Test Strips and Meters

Glucose control solutions work just as blood would with your diabetic meter and your blood glucose test strips. This is due to the fact that your diabetes control solution contains just enough glucose to react with the test strips similarly to when you perform a glucose blood test.

Why should you use Diabetes Control Solutions?

  • To practice monitoring your blood sugar levels (important for recently diagnosed diabetics)
  • To determine if a new meter is functioning properly, this serves as a way to calibrate your diabetes meter
  • To make sure your blood glucose meter and glucose test strips are not damaged, if your meter has fallen accidentally or if your vial of glucometer test strips have been left open or in the heat.

Things to remember when purchasing Glucose Control Solution:

  • Each brand of Diabetes Control Solution is made for that specific brand of diabetes test strips, portion control plates and not necessarily for that specific brand of diabetes meter.
  • The Diabetes Control Solution range is usually found on the package of diabetes test strips and Diabetes Insulin Pump
  • If an error occurs, follow the manufacturer’s instructions on how to isolate and correct the error

Calibrate regularly. Diabetic Control Solutions are important tools for ensuring the accuracy and reliability of your blood glucose monitor and your blood glucose test strips.

Glucose Test Strip

Diabetes test strips, also called glucometer test strips, are used with a Diabetes meter to help measure the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood stream. Test strips are designed to be paired with specific meters. In order to use a test strip properly, a small blood sample is drawn from the body using a lancet. The sample is placed on the blood glucose test strip and then run through the Diabetes meter.

Each blood glucose test meter and test strip system works differently; some meters use light reflected from the test strip to measure the amount of sugar in the blood, while other systems rely upon electricity generated from the chemical reaction in the test strip.

Diabetes test strips vary based on which chemical, or reagent, is used to react with the sugar in the blood. The three chemical bases used to make test strips are: Glucose oxidase (GLOO-kohs ok-si-deys), dehydrogenase (DEE-hy-druh-juh-neys) and hexokinase (hek-SUH-Ky-neys). The manufacturer of each Diabetic meter determines which chemical is used for each particular style of Diabetic test strip.

Generic Test Strips

While all meter manufacturers make test strips that are designed specifically for use with their meters, you may be able to find generic test strips, that generally cost significantly less, to fit your meter. These generic test strips are called “generic glucose reagent strips.” Be sure to check with the manufacturer of your meter to ensure that the generic test strips you purchase will be compatible with your Diabetes meter.

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