Posts Tagged ‘ Blood glucose monitors ’

How to Choose and Use Your Blood Glucose Meter

Blood Glucose Test StripsBlood glucose monitoring system is a way of testing the concentration of glucose in the blood (glycemia). Particularly important in the care of diabetes mellitus, a blood glucose test is performed by piercing the skin (typically, on the finger) to draw blood, then applying the blood to a chemically active disposable Glucose Test Strips. Different manufacturers use different technology, but most systems measure an electrical characteristic, and use this to determine the glucose level in the blood.

Contrary to expectations, not all of are comfortable around digital or electronic devices. Having barely mastered the art of receiving and making calls on the cell phone, the last thing we want to do is learn to use yet another digital gizmo – this one a blood glucose meters. Fortunately, the modern day Blood Glucose Monitor is extremely easy to use. Today I shall explain how to use your new Blood Glucose Monitor.

Using Blood Glucose Monitors

1. Ensure you hands are clean.
2. Open the package containing your new Blood Glucose Monitor.
3. Remove from the package and keep ready the lancing device, the box containing the glucose monitoring strips and the blood sugar monitor.
4. Insert a fresh unused lance in the lancing device, set it to 3 (by rotating the base of the lancing device) and prime it (usually achieved by pressing the top once).
5. Extract the code chip (a small white rectangular plastic) from the box containing the blood glucose strips and insert the chip into the receptacle (usually located on the side of the Blood Glucose Monitor). This needs to be done each time you open a fresh box of blood glucose strips (not each time you take a blood glucose test).
6. After inserting the code chip into the blood glucose test meter, switch on the Blood Glucose Monitor and wait until a code number appears – this ensures that the Blood Glucose Monitor and the diabetes test strips are synchronized.
7. Extract a fresh glucose strip from the box and keep ready.
8. Hold the lancing device vertically on the tip of any finger and release the trigger (usually a small round button on the side of the diabetic lancing devices. A very tinny almost invisible hole will be created in your skin.
9. You may need to press the around the hole so that a small drop of blood becomes visible on the surface of your skin.
10. Switch on the Blood Glucose Monitor and wait for the blood icon to flash (takes about 10 seconds).
11. Take the glucose strip and swipe (the end with the round hole) across the drop of blood. You would want to ensure the blood is evenly spread across the hole of the glucose strip.
12. Insert the glucose strip into the receptacle of the Blood Glucose Monitor and wait for the results (takes a few seconds).
13. Note down the time, the contents of your meal and the blood glucose result in a diary or notebook specially set aside for this purpose.
14. Push out the cover from the lower end of the lancing device – this exposes the lance.
15. Carefully remove the used lance from the lancing device and also the used glucose strip from the Blood Glucose Monitor and bag it separately before discarding.
16. Switch off the Blood Glucose Monitor and put the kit away in a safe place so your children do not have access to it.

Difficulty in extracting blood

Omron body fat analyzerThe depth to which the needle of the lancing device enters the skin can be controlled. For children, the lancing device can be set to a depth of 1 or 2. This results in shallow penetration but should be okay for kids. For adults, the lancing device needs to be set to a minimum depth of 3. If this does not produce the desired result, try 3.5 or 4 or more.

Once you use the lancing device is used, the drop of blood (usually) does not automatically appear on the skin; it needs to be coaxed out by pressing the area surrounding the prick. Usually, a light squeeze does the trick.

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Type 2 Diabetes Diet

type two diabetic diet is all about controlling the number of calories people with diabetes eat. Because, unused calories become body fat. And, excess fat cells reduce insulin’s ability to remove sugar from the blood.

Maintaining a healthy diet is important for everyone, but it is especially important for people with diabetes.A type 2 diabetes diet and following the right diabetic diet meals can make all the difference to a person struggling to keep their blood sugar under control. But, what is the right meal plan? How much of which food group should you eat?

Controlling Diabetes with Diet

Your doctor has likely told you that you can control your Diabetes with diabetic diet menu. But what does “diet” really mean?

Taking on a new diet, or nutritional habit, means that you must learn about foods that are nutritious for your body and the portion sizes that are necessary for your blood sugar control.

You probably know that some foods raise blood sugar more than others. The foods that turn into sugar in your body are called carbohydrates. Carbohydrates include: starches (bread, cereal, rice, pasta, grains, crackers), fruits and fruit juice, milk and yogurt, starchy vegetables (corn, peas, beans, potatoes and sweet potatoes), sweets and sugar.

Diabetes carbohydrates

Dieting does not mean that you cannot eat the foods you like. Instead, you need to limit some foods and spread other foods out during the day (such as carbohydrate-rich foods), thereby, diabetes supplements, not eating large portions all at one time. Eating too many portions of carbohydrate-rich foods at one time will lead to high blood sugar levels.

For example: instead oGlycemic Index Graphf eating a plate of spaghetti with garlic bread, and a glass of milk (all carbohydrates); make ¼ of your plate spaghetti, add a salad with raw vegetables, a grilled chicken breast, and a glass of water with lemon.

Eating just a spaghetti meal with the bread and milk causes the blood sugar level to rise drastically after the meal. People with Diabetes cannot process all of the carbohydrates in order to bring the blood sugar down to a normal level. However, by choosing the second spaghetti meal, the blood sugar does not go up as high because there is are less carbohydrates to process and it is easier for the body to bring the blood sugar level back down.

Diabetes vitamins & Proteins

Meat, fish, chicken, eggs, cheese, cottage cheese, peanut butter and tofu are protein foods. Protein-rich foods do not immediately become sugar in our bloodstream after consumption. However, simply because these foods do not immediately turn to sugar doesn’t mean we can eat an unlimited amount of these foods; eating too much of any food will cause weight gain.

Think of food portions this way…Your 9 inch diet portion control plate should be ½ vegetables, ¼ lean meat or meat substitute, and ¼ Precise Portions Control FOCUS Dinnerware grains/starch. Add a small piece of fruit and 8 ounce glass of low-fat milk and you have a very nutritious, balanced meal that will help control your blood sugar.

This is the start of how you change the way you eat to include a more nutritious diet.  For more nutritious eating ideas go to our recipes for diabetics. Remember to include diabetes exercises in your new way of life.

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Low Blood Sugar: Hypoglycemia

low blood sugar Hypoglycemia is a serious condition in which a person has a dangerously low amount of glucose in their bloodstream. Remember glucose is the fuel of the brain cells and the body’s cells. The real danger is the brain is running out of fuel. It will shut down if quick action is not taken. Many diabetics are well aware of the risks of having too much glucose in their blood stream (hyperglycemia), but some are unaware that having too little glucose is also dangerous.

With too little glucose available, your body does not have enough energy to function properly. Warning signs of hypoglycemia are shakiness, sweating, hunger, confusion, light headedness, sleepiness, weakness, fainting, convulsions, coma, and death. Recently researchers have claimed that just one episode of hypoglycemia leading to loss of consciousness increases the risk of developing alzheimer’s dementia by 56% – A serious life-long effect.

Some of the signs of low blood sugar are similar to signs of high blood sugar and some non-diabetes causes. When you feel strange use your blood sugar meters & blood glucose monitors to test your blood.

What Causes Low Blood Sugar?
People may get low blood sugar levels for many reasons. Sometimes, medications may cause them to have low blood sugar levels, especially if they try a new medication or takes too much of their medication and diabetes nutritional supplements. The Class of Type 2 diabetes oral medications, called Sulfonylureas are notorious for causing low blood sugar. Sulfonylureas tells the pancreas to produce more insulin. If a diabetics fails to eat enough carbs to cover the dose of Glucotrol or the other brands, this medicine will use up glucose that should be used by the brain and other important organs. Here are a few names:

GENERIC BRAND

  • Glyburide  –    Diabeta
  • Glyburide  –    Micronase
  • Glyburide  –    GlynasePres Tab
  • Glipsizide   –   Glucotrol
  • Glipizide     –  GITS Glucotrol XL
  • Glemepiride-  Amaryl
  • Sitaglyptin   –  Januvia (increases cell’s sensitivity to insulin like the above drugs)

Diabetics suffer severe low blood sugar events when they take an insulin injection and don’t eat enough carbs. Or exercises with diabetes shoes too hard with having eaten enough or reduced their insulin dose.

Low blood sugar is also sometimes caused by a diabetic drinking too much alcohol or when people with diabetes miss diabetic meal plans or does not balance their calorie intake with output (such as during a work-out).

Remember: When it comes to balanced blood sugar levels, every person’s body differs, so what might cause hypoglycemia for one person might not cause it for another person.

How to Overcome Low Blood Sugar

In some cases, when a person with diabetes gets hypoglycemia, it is an indication that the person should not be on a particular medication. In other cases, diabetics that regularly get hypoglycemia may need to pay more attention to their diabetes meal planning or to their physical activities; they may need to eat more carbohydrates or balance their exercise with an increased amount of diabetes carbohydrates.

Many diabetics, including non-diabetics, suffer the symptoms of occasional low blood sugar levels. However, if a diabetic experiences recurring low blood sugar levels, abnormal, or extreme side effects of low blood sugar levels, it is important for them to speak with a physician immediately.

Many Diabetics are also advised to keep diabetes glucose tablets on hand to help them more quickly recover from hypoglycemia. Glucose tablets have a high concentration of sugar that will provide a boost to the blood stream once consumed. Www.typefreediabetes.com offers a variety of glucose tablets options that are easy to carry around in a bag or keep nearby in a drawer or cupboard for easy and quick access.

Glucagon Emergency Kit!

All Diabetics that use insulin, especially children with Type 1 Diabetes, should have access to an emergency glucose kit, also known as a Glucagon Emergency Kit. When a Diabetic misses a dose of insulin, takes too much insulin, or, for any reason, has a very low blood sugar level, the person can lose consciousness and go into shock.  For diabetics, one of the most needed things (except for insulin) is having a glucagon shot and someone capable of using it when necessary.

Important: Diabetics should always tell people around them, such as family members and co-workers, of their condition. Those family members and coworkers should always know where the Glucagon Emergency Kit is just in case the Diabetic loses consciousness and cannot inject him or herself.

How it Works

A glucagon kit is similar in appearance and use to an insulin kit, in that there is a needle and a vial of medication. However, instead of injecting insulin, a person experiencing low blood sugar should be injected with glucagons. Often, the person will be unconscious, so someone will have to inject him or her with the glucagon before he or she goes into coma.

Glucagon is a hormone that raises the level of glucose in the blood. The alpha cells of the pancreas, in areas called the islets of Langerhans, make glucagon when the body needs to put more sugar into the blood.

Glucagon, like insulin, must be injected. Within the glucagon kit are a syringe pre-filled with a liquid and a vial of powdered glucagon. You prepare the glucagon for injection immediately before use by following the instructions that are included with the glucagon kit. In general, small children (under 20 kg, or 44 pounds) are given 1/2 cc (half the syringe), while older children and adults are given 1cc (the entire syringe). In kids, some authorities advise using 1/2 cc to start with, and then giving the other 1/2 about 20 minutes later if needed. This method can lessen the rebound hyperglycemia that usually ensues after use of glucagon. There is no danger of overdose, however. Injection is given in a large muscle, such as the buttocks, thigh or arm. (The needle on the syringe is usually larger than those on insulin syringes.)

There is injection preparation instructions imprinted onto the cases of emergency glucagon kits and blood glucose test kit so that the process is simple even for someone injecting a patient for the first time. It is best to inject a patient in a large muscle, such as the thigh or buttocks, because of the size of the needle. Keep in mind is that children should only be given about half of the syringe (1/2 cc) while adults should take the whole syringe (1cc).

Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetics

Type 2 Diabetics and pre-diabetics may also face low blood sugar levels that cause them to require emergency treatment. In most cases, a simple glass of juice or piece of candy can help to restore the blood sugar to safe levels. Therefore, it is always a good idea to keep sugarfree candy or a juice box on hand, even when you are not insulin-dependent.

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Typefreediabetes.com – All About Blood Sugar Testing!

Blood sugar testing is important for Diabetics because their bodies do not process blood sugars properly. Since a Diabetic cannot break down sugar molecules, the sugar cannot be absorbed by the muscles and organs and stored for later use as energy.

High blood sugar levels can also lead to a multitude of complications, including hypertension, eye problems and poor circulation. In order to avoid the complications associated with Diabetes disease, glucose control is essential. Glucose control can be achieved through diabetes supplements, exercise and medication.

Diabetes Test – To check if you have Diabetes disease, your doctor will perform a glucose tolerance test to measure blood sugar levels. The results of these tests and other clinical findings will be used to make a diagnosis. Although the amount of glucose in your blood varies depending on when and what you eat, the variation in this range should be relatively narrow. In general, your blood sugar is highest after you eat and lowest after you have not eaten for 8-10 hours.

Diabetes Blood Test – Diabetes meters and Diabetic test strip, often called Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose (SMBG) tools, are small battery-operated devices that Diabetics use to measure their blood sugar levels. There are over 25 types of diabetes meters available. If you have been recently diagnosed with Diabetes and are now looking for the right meter for you, understanding how they work can help you make the best choice. Your doctor can also assist you in finding the perfect meter.

Diabetes Test Strips & Glucose Test Strip – Diabetes test strips, also called glucometer test strips, are used with a Diabetes meter to help measure the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood stream. Test strips are designed to be paired with specific blood sugar meters. In order to use a test strip properly, a small blood sample is drawn from the body using a lancet. The sample is placed on the blood glucose test strips and then run through the Diabetes meter.

Each blood glucose monitors and test strip system works differently; some meters use light reflected from the test strip to measure the amount of sugar in the blood, while other systems rely upon electricity generated from the chemical reaction in the diabetic test strip.

Glucose Test Strips vary based on which chemical, or reagent, is used to react with the sugar in the blood. The three chemical bases used to make test strips are: Glucose oxidase, dehydrogenase and hexokinase . The manufacturer of each Diabetic meter determines which chemical is used for each particular style of Diabetic test strip.

Glucose control solution Diabetes control solutions are used to determine the accuracy of your blood sugar monitor and diabetes test strips. Glucose control solutions work just as blood would with your diabetic meter and your blood glucose test strips. This is due to the fact that your diabetes control solution contains just enough glucose to react with the test strips similarly to when you perform a glucose blood test.

Diabetes Test Kit – If you feel you might be at risk of diabetic symptoms, a diabetes home test kit can help you decide whether or not you need medical attention. Typically, this blood glucose system allows you to take a reading from either a small blood or urine sample to try to establish what amount of glucose present in the blood. If the diabetes test kit and diabetic meters shows results within specific boundaries, you should see your primary care physician for more detailed, conclusive tests, and the necessary next steps.

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Diabetic test strips or Diabetic Meter and Lancets are part of a diabetic’s life

Diabetic meters, often called Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose (SMBG) tools, are small battery-operated devices that Diabetics use to measure their blood sugar levels. There are over 25 types of diabetes meters available. If you have been recently diagnosed with Diabetes and are now looking for the right meter for you, understanding how they work can help you make the best choice. Your doctor can also assist you in finding the perfect meter.

Lancing devices and lancets are used to get a drop of blood for blood sugar testing and monitoring. These tools pierce the finger and draw the blood to be tested. Below are a range of lancets that are less painful because the piercing device is very thin, polished, and spring-loaded.

Blood glucose test strips are part of the method that is used to measure blood glucose levels. The test strip is placed in a blood glucose meter to read your blood glucose levels by having blood dropped on them or drawn into them. Some of the blood glucose test strips below are meant to be paired with specific meters, while others can be paired with the meter of your choice. Now, some meters use blood sampling discs that are loaded once for multiple tests.

Blood Sugar Testing

Blood sugar testing and blood glucose monitors is important for diabetics because their bodies do not process blood sugars properly. Since a diabetic cannot break down sugar molecules, the sugar cannot be absorbed by the muscles and organs and stored for later use as energy. Learn more about sugar molecules interactively.

Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is a serious condition in which a person has a dangerously low amount of glucose in their bloodstream. Remember glucose is the fuel of the brain cells and the body’s cells. The real danger is the brain is running out of fuel. It will shut down if quick action is not taken.

Many Diabetics are well aware of the risks and they use Diabetes Insulin Pump of having too much glucose in their blood stream (hyperglycemia), but some are unaware that having too little glucose is also dangerous.

Diabetic Coma

A Diabetic coma is a condition in which a diabetic lapses into a coma due to complications relating to diabetes. In most cases, low blood sugar is the primary reason why an otherwise health patient might lapse into a coma as a result of Diabetes. However, other conditions, such as ketoacidosis or nonketotic hyperosmolar coma occur.

Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)

Low blood sugar (also known as Hypoglycemia) is a condition found in Diabetics that is characterized by low blood glucose. When your blood sugar level drops well below normal, your muscles and brain are starving for the energy they get from glucose to function properly. Low blood sugar is most often a side effect of insulin and other Type 2 Diabetes medications.

Emergency Glucose/Glucagon Kits

All Diabetics that use insulin and diabetic strips, especially children with Type 1 Diabetes, should have access to an emergency glucose kit, also known as a Glucagon Emergency Kit. When a Diabetic misses a dose of insulin, takes too much insulin, or, for any reason, has a very low blood sugar level, the person can lose consciousness and go into shock.


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